Interspecific and Intraspecific Social Interactions among Brown Bears and Wolves in an Enclosure
We investigated bear-bear, wolf-wolf, and bear-wolf interactions in a 2-ha enclosure, which was occupied by 13 brown bears (Ursus arctos) and a wolf (Canis lupus) pack. The hierarchy of bears and wolves was determined by behavioral observation and rank order analysis. All behavioral interactions bet...
|Published in:||Ursus, Vol. 13 (2002), p. 85-93|
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